Statistics Canada data show that immigration is the main driver of population growth and that the employment gap is the smallest it has been in a decade.
The majority of Canadian population growth recently has been due to immigrants, and as a result, the country is becoming increasingly diverse. There is also evidence that the employment gap between immigrant workers and Canadian-born workers narrows.
Statistics Canada says 82 percent of population growth in Canada between 2018 and 2019 is the result of international migration. Many Canadian provinces are pushing for immigration in an effort to encourage population growth.
Natural population growth is expected to continue on a downward trend. The advantages of the population are expected to be driven by international migration.
More immigrants in the workforce, diversity rising in cities
The employment gap between recent immigrants and Canadian-born workers is the smallest in a decade already. Gaps’ employment rate declined from 19 percent in 2010 to 13 percentage points in 2018.
New immigrants are also experiencing faster growth in employment rates than the Canadian-born. Newcomers to see their work rate of increase of 7.7 percentage points from 2010 to 2018, compared with 2.1 percent for Canada.
About half of all immigrants have at least a bachelor’s degree. More than half, 54 percent, of people in Canada between the ages of 25 and 64 with the STEM (science, technology, engineering, mathematics) degree were immigrants.
The visible minority population is expected to continue the upward trend, especially in big cities.
By 2036 up to 40 percent of the population aged 15-64 is estimated to belong to visible minority groups. Statistics Canada also predicts that up to 31 percent of the population will have a mother tongue other than English or French, and up to 16 percent will have a non-Christian religion.
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