Liberal immigration policies will continue, but they’ll now need opposition support. Canadian voters elected minority Liberal government Monday night, to end the 40-day election campaign that heard many promises of immigration but never saw it emerge as a major issue.
Liberals won 157 of the 338 constituencies Canada but produce only 33.1 percent of the popular vote, down from 39.5 in 2015.
The liberal minority led by Justin Trudeau will face opposition led by the Conservative Party of Canada, which won 121 seats and received 34.4 percent of the popular vote.
A resurgent Bloc Québécois take 32 seats, followed by the New Democratic Party with 24, the Green Party with three and one independent candidates.
New People’s Party of Canada, who campaigned on a promise to reduce the number of immigrants admitted annually to Canada, did not win a seat.
Liberal immigration priorities
Liberal minority status means they now have to find similarities between their opponents in Parliament to pass legislation.
However, given that all five parties represented in the House of Commons campaigned on pro-immigration policies Basically, gained the majority support for immigration policies is possible.
One of the priority issues is the level of annual immigration Canada, the Liberals have promised to raise through “a modest increase and responsible.”
Multi-year approach to planning immigration levels introduced by the Liberals in 2017 had a number of newcomers to Canada reached 350,000 in 2021 – an annual increase of about three percent in total during 2020.
The rate of increase may continue after 2021 if the Liberals can get majority support for immigration targets they move forward.
Nearly 60 percent of the newcomers will be accepted through the Canada Economic Class immigration program and the Liberal election platform said they will maintain this focus on ‘people who are highly skilled who can help build a stronger Canada. ”
Conservative leader Andrew Scheer called immigration targets the Liberals as ‘reasonable’ during the election campaign. He also said Canadian immigration targets should not be “politicized”, suggesting some cooperation between the two sides on Canadian targets may be possible.
Liberals are not expected to introduce major changes to the system Sign Express Canada, which was introduced by the Conservatives in 2015 to manage a pool of candidates of three major Canadian program of economic immigration – Federal Skilled Worker Class, the Canadian Experience Class, and Class federal skilled trade.
Points-based system issues qualified candidates score based on their age, educational level, the experience of skilled labor and proficiency in English or French, among other factors, and a set number of candidates the highest ratings are invited to apply for permanent residence of Canada through the normal pull of the Express Login swimming pool.
In 2016, the Liberals reduce the number of points awarded to an offer of employment from 600 to a maximum of 200 to ensure that they are invited to apply for permanent residence are very skilled and are more likely to find success in the Canadian economy.
The Conservatives promised to reverse the changes in the selection of their platform, promises to spark some friction between the two parties in Parliament.
Another key Liberal promise of immigration is their promise to create a Municipal Candidate Program to ensure that communities of all sizes around Canada that is capable of attracting and supporting skilled foreign workers and their families.
Liberals said that the proposed program “would allow local communities, chambers of commerce, and local labor councils to directly sponsor a permanent immigrant.”
Liberals also promised to make the Pilot permanent immigration Atlantic. Fast-track programs allow employers in Canada four Atlantic provinces – Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, and Prince Edward Island – to hire foreign nationals for their jobs have not been able to fill locally.
Both candidates and the Atlantic Municipal Immigration Program Pilot echo the Conservative promise to “encourage new economic migrants to consider a job in a remote part of the country to provide information about the opportunities that exist beyond our urban centers.”
Liberals also pledged to make applying for Canadian citizenship freely, said: “the process of granting citizenship is a government service, not something that should be paid by user fees.”
Possibility of NDP or Bloc Québécois support?
Liberals also can find common ground with the NDP or the Bloc Québécois on certain immigration-related initiatives.
Relying on one of the parties for legislative support, however, will come with strings attached and opens the door to consideration of the NDP or Bloc Liberal immigration priorities.
For the NDP, these priorities include improving the recognition of foreign professional credentials, eliminating the annual cap on sponsorship applications for parents and grandparents and suspend the Safe Third Country Agreement with the United States Canada.
Safe Third Country Agreement limit to claim asylum in the official land border crossings between Canada and the United States, but does not include the official entry points.
This loophole has been used by nearly 50,000 mainly non-American to seek asylum in Canada since US President Donald Trump ruling.
NDP saying it must be delayed to allow all asylum seekers to make their claims in the official border crossings.
Bloc Québécois could try to increase its presence in the new Parliament to secure greater autonomy for Quebec over immigration to the province.
Quebec already has the power to elect all Economic Class immigrants to the province and set the level of immigration, and the provincial government is now seeking control over the family and Refugee reception class to the province.
Immigration priorities outlined by the Bloc Québécois, including ensuring that Quebec residents who apply for Canadian citizenship have sufficient knowledge of French, Quebec veto over any federal decision to expel refugees and suspending the Canada Safe Third Country Agreement with the United States.
The majority of asylum seekers from the US have entered into Quebec through official crossing called Roxham Road and Bloc Québécois wants the agreement to curb the backlog of deferred claims and expenses for Quebec.
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