Rising immigration levels, free citizenship, and a Municipal Nominee Program will be on the table
Liberal minority victory in the federal election 21 Oct means the Canadian immigration system is likely to remain stable as long as they are able to retain the confidence of Parliament.
While the Liberals will need to rely on the support of at least one other party to pass legislation through the House, which would require negotiation and compromise, it is difficult to imagine that the immigration policy will be subject to bargain hard to remember the same views of various parties in Parliament to share on the topic ,
Immigration Levels: 370,000 immigrants by 2023?
The level of immigration is ready to go up further down the Liberal minority government.
Based on their current plans, the target will be increased from 330 800 in 2019 to 350,000 in 2021, and their election platforms suggest this pattern will continue if they reach a new mandate.
Given the incremental approach employed by the Liberals in the last few years, we can expect an increased immigration target of 10,000 additional new entrants or more each year beyond 2021, which means that Canadians can aim for about 370,000 immigrants by 2023.
Pilot Programs: All eyes on the Municipal Nominee Program
In their first term, the Liberals launched several pilot programs of economic class immigration. The most famous of which is the Atlantic Immigration Pilot (AIP), the Liberals promised to be permanent if they receive another mandate.
All eyes are now going to change the Municipal Candidate Program (MNP), the Liberals promised to help small towns in Canada attract more immigrants.
Some details about MNP has emerged, but it was definitely to raise national interest given the challenges that most cities in Canada face in attracting immigrants.
In addition to New Brunswick, Saskatchewan, and Alberta (each has at least two major cities), the remaining seven provinces of Canada to see at least 80 percent of new entrants go to their main city.
Criteria for selection of MNP is likely to be modeled after the AIP and North Rural Immigration Pilot (RNIP), which was also launched by the Liberals. This means that MNP will allow entrepreneurs in the city designated by the federal government to support the immigration applications of newcomers that meet the needs of their workforce.
One of the big questions surrounding the MNP is how the Liberals will distribute 2,750 where the main applicant (the maximum number of immigrants that can be selected under the pilot program) throughout the country with a metropolitan area of 35 census – a city with at least 100,000 people – and 117 agglomerations census, which has a population of 10,000 people or more.
Liberals may decide to narrow the feasibility of MNP by blocking the Atlantic provinces and all the communities designated under RNIP of using MNP.
This means that only small and medium cities in Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia will be able to benefit from MNP.
Citizenship: Expect a dip in applications, followed by a surge
Liberals promised to waive the cost of citizenship for eligible permanent residents indicate that the already high-level Canadian citizenship acquisition will increase further.
Adults must now pay $ 530 plus a “right of citizenship fee” of $ 100 to support their citizenship applications.
The rational choice for those who are currently eligible to apply for citizenship will wait until the Liberals passed legislation implementing these changes. Therefore, we can expect a short-term dip in the citizenship application, followed by a jump.
Liberal has allocated $ 110 million for 2023-2024 to handle the expected increase in the application, which is an increase of 40 percent of what they expect to spend to implement this policy in the coming fiscal year, the federal government ($ 75 million).
It shows they expect this policy will result in an increase of about 40 percent in new residents by 2024.
Settlement funding: Expect further increases
Conservative and Liberal governments alike supervised substantial increases for federal settlement funding over the last 20 years, the Liberals continue this policy during their first term in office.
Envelopes federal settlement, which funded services intended to foster economic and social integration, currently stands at $ 1.5 billion and is scheduled for further gains as the Liberals continue to improve the level of immigration.
Stability in the immigration system is a function of Canadian exceptionalism
While the Liberals return to power will maintain stability in the immigration system, a different result would likely also result in Canadian immigration policy remains unaffected for the most part.
Campaign 2019 highlights that the major Canadian parties share the same basic view of immigration – which welcomes newcomers are very important for the economic development of the country.
This is something that everyone who supports immigration should be celebrated, regardless of their political affiliation unique since it highlights how Canada is one of Western democracy when growing polarization around the world.
Of course, this exceptionalism is also due to the political calculus: in 2019, it was almost impossible to succeed in the Canadian federal election without the support of immigrant voters.
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