Canada has approved the Trans Mountain expansion project after a government court sent it back for review last summer. The choice could represent a challenge for PM Justin Trudeau as he heads into a race season prone to be battled to some extent over climate issues.

His government Liberals made the uncommon stride a year ago of buying the pipeline for C$4.5bn ($3.4bn; £2.6bn) to help guarantee the project’s survival.

Environmentalists and some First Nations fiercely oppose Trans Mountain.

Mr. Trudeau on Tuesday announced the new approval and said that all incomes the federal government earns from the project will fund a “transition to a green economy”.

“It is to Canada’s greatest advantage to ensure our condition and put resources into tomorrow while ensuring individuals can bolster their families today,” he said.

Reaction to the announcement was swift, with environmental campaigners vowing the project will not go ahead without a fight.

In the meantime, British Columbia First Nations who have fought the task said they were thinking about proceeded with legal action, and the commonplace head, John Horgan, tweeted the venture “represents an extraordinary hazard to our coast, our condition, and our economy”.

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The C$7.4 bn pipeline development undertaking has partitioned adversaries, who are worried about oil slicks and climate change, and supporters, who consider it to be a lift for Canada’s battling vitality segment – one that will help fuel the economy for a considerable length of time to come.

Canada ranks as the world’s fifth largest producer of oil and natural gas.

What is the Trans Mountain project?

The project twins the current 1,150 km (715 miles) Trans Mountain pipeline and would significantly increase its capacity from 300,000 barrels per day to 890,000 per day.

It would carry crude oil from Edmonton, Alberta to Burnaby, British Columbia (BC) and increment oil tanker traffic on the Pacific coast from five to up to 34 tankers every month.

Mr. Trudeau says the pipeline expansion would ease Canada’s reliance on the US market and help get a better price for its resource.

Business groups, oil industry laborers and the Alberta government all back the venture. In any event, two indigenous groups are actively seeking an ownership stake in the project.

The Liberal government purchased the pipeline to help guarantee the project’s survival after vitality foundation giant Kinder Morgan walked away over concerns about delays.

Election trouble ahead for Trudeau?

Prime Minister Justin Trudeau came to power promising Canadians didn’t need to pick between the earth and the economy.

So far, he’s experienced considerable difficulties satisfying individuals on either side of the issue – and Trans Mountain has played a big role in that tension.

Climate-conscious voters have begun eyeing alternatives to the Liberals, especially in British Columbia, where the project has proven an especially tough sell.

Alberta – Canada’s oil heartland, which has been in a prolonged financial droop and has generally supported moderate gatherings – is probably not going to be won over.

The Liberals have also made it clear they plan to fight the coming election on environmental issues – and opponents will be pushing them to explain how they can back a pipeline project and fight climate change.

Mr. Trudeau on Tuesday was on the defensive, working to convince skeptics this was not an “either/or decision”.

What is the background to this approval?

The Liberals first approved the Trans Mountain extension venture in 2016.

That approval was suppressed last August after it was successfully challenged by a coalition of BC First Nations and natural campaigners.

A federal court said regulators had failed to adequately consult First Nations communities and to fully account for its impact on the region’s endangered killer whales.

A new round of First Nations consultations was launched along with a review by Canada’s national energy regulator on the project’s impact on the coastal waters.

The controller prescribed the task be affirmed not long ago.

It likewise issued more than 160 conditions and proposals to alleviate the natural effects on the whales and on the Salish Sea, a bustling inland system of conduits running from only north of Vancouver to Puget Sound in Washington.

The federal government said it will address the recommendations and implement accommodation measures reached with indigenous communities.

Construction on the project could get underway later this year.

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