Express Entry has changed Canada’s approach to skilled worker immigration in important ways.
Express Entry system launched in January 2015 marked a significant departure from previous approaches to managing the application for the Canadian immigration program Economy Class headliner.
Before the launch of the Express Entry’s launch, Canada processed the application for the Federal Skilled Worker Class (FSWC), Federal Skilled Trades Class (FSTC) and the Canadian Experience Class (CEC) on a first-come, first-served basis.
This approach means that guaranteed all candidates have their applications reviewed, and those who meet the requirements received permanent residence – so long as they passed the acceptance inspection (for health, safety, and crime).
Under the Express Entry, candidates who qualify for FSWC, FSTC and CEC program, as well as most of the Canadian Province Candidate Program (PNP), are ranked based on values supplied under what is known as the Comprehensive Ranking System, or CRS.
CRS considers factors such as age, education, experience and ability to work skillfully English or French and only the highest rank candidates are invited to apply for permanent residence through regular Canada interesting.
The old system was too slow
Although the first-come, first-served approach to provide certainty to applicants who can tick all the boxes, it also has a major drawback.
Applications are always outnumbered available permanent residence, creating a significant backlog that stretches into years and the candidates and their families left in limbo.
This delay also left Canada to face the possibility that they were finally obtained a permanent residence no longer meet the needs of the labor market in Canada. A 44-year data analyst may have high demands when it was applied, but six years later, this might not be the case and, now 50, they have a small window to integrate into the labor market.
Arrival Express Sign help to clear the backlog and reduce the waiting time for six months or less.
Early criticism that it removed the certainty of permanent residence for qualified candidates have since proven to be unfounded. Express Entry attract potential to give a sense of transparency the number of CRS suggests they should have a competitive shot to acquire Invite Register (ITA) for permanent residence.
This year has seen candidates with scores ranging from 439 and 472 issued ITA. It tells the candidate with the CRS score below the average score of about 459 to look into the possibility to improve their CRS scored, or consider options other immigration.
The possibility to increase the CRS candidate scores includes increasing the language test results, gain additional work experience, study in Canada, or get a job offer or provincial nominations, among others.
Stronger labor market integration
While it is early to say whether express Log has led to better economic outcomes for immigrants, there is a strong likelihood that immigrants will, in fact, fare better because of the way Express Entry award points.
Candidates who are young, have high levels of education and English and / or French proficiency, and have the experience of Canada (eg, as a foreign worker or international student) can achieve a higher CRS.
In addition, candidates with job offers or provincial nominations were given extra points (600 for provincial nomination), as the candidate with the people in Canada.
All of this makes sense because the federal government studies show the candidate with a high human capital integrates quickly into the economy, as did those with the Canadian experience. Research also shows have a job offer, nominated by the province, and/or have family in Canada to accelerate the process of economic integration.
Express entry does have its limitations, namely the creation of two-tier application management in Canada.
Those who sign up through the Express Login can obtain permanent residence within six months, while those who apply under other federal programs that are not covered by the Express Entry, as well as those that apply to Quebec, must often wait quite a long period.
The federal government reports that currently require about 18 months to process PNP applications unrelated to express Log.
The delays could undermine confidence in the PNP and damaging Canadian efforts to promote economic development across the country. Saskatchewan, Manitoba and the four Atlantic provinces depend on the PNP for the majority of their economic class immigrants. Processing delays limit their ability to welcome even more immigrants to support their economic growth.
There are other limitations. For example, only four percent of the candidates who receive the Express Entry ITA 2018 are proficient in French. It hurts Canadian efforts to strengthen the Francophone community outside of Quebec through immigration.
Express Entry meeting expectations
Overall, Express Entry’s strengths overshadow its limitations and the system is meeting expectations.
The federal government has also demonstrated policy flexibility since January 2015 by introducing reforms to Express Entry that reflect stakeholder feedback. For instance, the view that Express Entry was not giving enough preference to international students led to changes whereby international students are now awarded up to 30 additional points under the CRS.
These changes are a reminder that, even after five years, Express Entry is a work in progress and the federal government will continue to identify ways to recalibrate and improve it.
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