Canada went to the polls on October 21, four years after Justin Trudeau’s Liberal Party came to power.
But things are not that clear this time, with a few others rose in the polls.
Here’s a visual display on some key issues and themes that could shape the outcome on election night.
What is at stake?
The focus tends to be on the campaign and the party leader who will become prime minister.
But in reality, under the Canadian system of government, the 338 separate races, with candidates in every federal state ridings (constituencies) from coast to coast to coast.
They are all fighting for their chance to sit in the Canadian House of Commons – which loosely resembles a British namesake.
There are two scenarios – the majority and minority governments (or hung parliament). If one party wins 170 seats or more, Canadians will have a majority government.
In 2015, Justin Trudeau and Liberal candidates won 184 seats – a solid majority. formed a minority government when no party wins more than half the seats.
A minority government is usually, but not necessarily, formed by the party that has a plurality of seats – but needs support from other parties to pass legislation.
A record number of women standing
43 election will also see the largest number of women candidates running previously, with 651 women candidates in all parties, as the September 27, according to Equal Voice Canada, a nonpartisan group that advocates for more women in public office. That is an increase of 9% from 2015.
Equal Voice says it is a “big step” even though there is still work to be done.
“If every single woman was elected in Canadian history is to sit together in the House today, they will not fill the 338 seat Chamber,” they said in a statement.
“After this election, we hope that it will eventually change.”
Voters are more concerned about climate change
Health care is the eternal problem of concern to Canadian voters.
But amid the impetus for governments worldwide to do more to address these issues, climate change has dominated as one of the most important issues for voters.
Mr. Trudeau made to meet the target Paris Accord cornerstone of his campaign in 2015, and his record will be judged at the ballot box.
Liberal government’s decision to buy the Trans Mountain pipeline, which would carry crude oil from Alberta to British Columbia, in order to ensure the project to triple the capacity of running at the front, is also facing criticism.
House prices have soared and wage growth has slowed
Despite the low unemployment rate and the economy is showing moderate growth, Canada feels anxious about their economic future.
The cost of living has been identified as a priority in this campaign and all federal authorities launched a policy aimed at making life more affordable for a Canadian family, from tax breaks to make it easier for first time home buyers to enter the housing market – especially in the cities booming such as Toronto and Vancouver.
The regions to watch
The results of Monday’s election will be largely decided in three key, vote-rich regions – Quebec, the Greater Toronto Area, and in Lower Mainland British Columbia.
Here we look at one – the province of Quebec – where the vote has been volatile in recent years. This election is no different.
Going into the campaign’s final days the Bloc Quebecois – a federal party focused on Quebec sovereignty – is in a strong second place and nipping at the Liberals’ heels.
Quebec voters are taking another look at a party – which only runs candidates in that province – they had relegated to the sidelines in the past two elections.
The Conservatives, who are tied with the Liberals in national polls, are trailing in third.
And while the left-leaning NDPs have momentum in other parts of the country, they haven’t gained much traction in Quebec and could lose most of the 14 seats they hold in that province.
Here we see one – the province of Quebec – where the sound has stabilized in recent years. This election is no different.
Going into the final days of the campaign Bloc Quebecois – federal authorities are focusing on Quebec sovereignty – is in a strong second place and bite the heels of Liberal.
Quebec voters took another look at the party – which only runs candidates in the province – they have been relegated to the sidelines in the last two elections.
Conservative, tied with the Liberals in national polls, remaining in the third position.
And while NDPS left wing has the momentum in other parts of the country, they do not get much traction in Quebec and could lose most of the 14 seats they hold in the province.
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